The 7 Levers

The commitments are broken down according to the 7 levers of circular economy as defined by ADEME:


Sustainable procurement

Sustainable supply (sustainable extraction/use and purchasing) covers methods of use/extraction of resources that aim at their efficient use e.g. by limiting operating waste and the impact on the environment, in particular during the use of energy and mineral materials (mines and quarries) or of agriculture and forestry for both renewable and non-renewable materials/energy. This pillar covers elements relating to private and public procurement (by companies and collectivities).


Eco-design aims, right from the design of a process, a good or a service, at taking into account the entire life cycle by minimizing environmental impacts.

Industrial and territorial ecology

Industrial and territorial ecology, also called industrial symbiosis, is a way of organization between companies based on exchanges of flows or pooling of needs. Industrial and territorial ecology aims to optimize the resources of a territory, energy, water, materials, waste but also equipment and expertise via a systemic approach inspired by the functioning of natural ecosystems.

Functional economy

Products and services systems favour use over ownership and promotes services linked to products rather than the products themselves.

Demand / Behaviour

Responsible consumption

Responsible consumption intends to lead a buyer, whether it is an economic actor (private or public) or a citizen consumer, to make his choice by taking into account the environmental impacts at all stages of the life cycle of the product (goods or services).

Extension of products life

This lever intends to boost the use of repair, sale or second-hand donation, or of second-hand purchase in the context of reuse.

Downstream waste management


Recycling aims at using raw materials coming from waste.